Fish farming: Outdoor VS Indoors

Indoor Fish Farming

When it comes to fish farming, there are many important points that are required to be keep in mind. There are many people who are raising fish indoors for their personal consumption as well as commercial purposes. Keeping fish indoors or outdoors have certain pros as well as cons. Let us try to explore more about these pros and cons in detail.

Another name given to fish farming is aquaculture. One of the main reasons why aquaculture is on the rise is because the demand for fish protein as well as fish is increasing. Take for example the famous sturgeon fish. Countries such as UK, Canada and US have got large number of fish ponds and people love to eat delicacies made from sturgeon meat.

Pros and cons of outdoor fish farming

                                             Outdoor Fish Farming

  • One of the biggest advantages of outdoor fish farming is that you can cover large spaces and can have abundant fish for personal as well as commercial purpose.
  • Outdoor fish farming has helped many people in earning a decent sum of money. One of the most lucrative things to do is to opt for sturgeon fish farming as you can earn very good money by selling large fish as well as caviar.
  • One of the major drawbacks of outdoor fish farming is that it becomes really difficult to take care of the fish during extreme winter season. Either you have to cover the fish ponds or bring your fish inside so that they don’t die because of extreme cold.
  • You also have to invest some money for keeping the outdoor pond safe and secure and that can escalate the cost of operation. But if done in a proper and systematic way, fish farming can help you get handsome returns.

Pros and cons of indoor fish farming

Indoor Fish Farming

  • If you are not interested in outdoor fish farming or don’t have enough space then the most ideal thing to opt for is indoor fish farming. One of the most key components of indoor farming is water circulation system. Make sure to install the latest and high quality circulation system so that fresh and filtered water gets circulated in the indoor tank. All this is good for the fish growth.
  • Apart from filtered water make sure to feed the fish with protein such as sinking pellets that can be easily bought from an online store or nearby retail outlet.
  • One of the major drawbacks of keeping fish indoors is that the cost exceeds a bit especially if you are farming fish for a commercial purpose. You have to install big water circulation systems, proper lightening mechanism and a lot more.

The best thing about fish farming is that it helps you grow amazing fish species that are on the verge of extinction. By doing this you can help different fish species to grow and it really feels nice to bring them back to life.

It is always crucial to feed your fish a premium quality feed to ensure optimum growth, vigor, capital return and flavour. Feel free to order a sample from our website and inquire for discounts for bulk deals.

Happy Fish Farming!

Sturgeon species

If you want to learn more about the sturgeon, then it is always a great idea to learn about the various species of sturgeon. Not only this will help you to gain valuable information about the fish but you will also be able to differentiate between types of sturgeon. Mentioned below are the various species.

Sturgeon has different sub-families

Sturgeons belong to a common family called as Acipenseridae which is further sub-divided into different sub-families.

  • Acipenserinae- Genera Acipenser and Huso
  • Scaphirhynchinae- Genera Scaphirhynchus and Pseudosaphirhynchus
  • Polydontidae(Paddlefishes)- Polydon and Psephurus

Sturgeon Fish

The above mentioned six sub-families have different species. We are going to discuss about them one after another in detail.

1. Acipenserinae has two sub-families Genera Acipenser and Huso

Genera Acipenser-This sub-family has 18 species and those are mentioned below:

  • Acipenser baerii
  • Acipenser brevirostrum
  • Acipenser dabryanus
  • Acipenser fulvenscens
  • Acipenser gueldenstaedtii
  • Acipenser medirostris
  • Acipenser mikadoi
  • Acipenser naccarii
  • Acipenser nudiventris
  • Acipenser oxyrinchus desotoi
  • Acipenser oxyrinchus oxyrinchus
  • Acipenser persicus
  • Acipenser ruthenus
  • Acipenser schrenckii
  • Acipenser sinensis
  • Acipenser stellatus
  • Acipenser sturio
  • Acipenser transmontanus

Huso– This sub-family has only two species and those are:

  • Huso dauricus
  • Huso huso

2. Scaphirhynchinae has sub-families Genera Scaphirhynchus and Pseudosaphirhynchus

Genera Scaphirhynchus– This sub-family has 3 species and those are:

  • Scaphirhynchus albus
  • Scaphirhynchus suttkusi
  • Scaphirhynchus platorynchus

Pseudosaphirhynchus This sub-family also has 3 species and those are:

  • Pseudosaphirhynchus fedtschenkoi
  • Pseudosaphirhynchus hermanni
  • Pseudosaphirhynchus kaufmanni


3. Polydontidae(Paddlefishes) also has two sub-families Polydon and Psephurus

Polydon– Polydon has only one species and that is Polydon spathula

Psephurus– Psephusus also has only one species and that is Psephurus gladius

Something more about sturgeon species

  • Adriatic sturgeon– The Adriatic sturgeon is a thick fish and grows up to 1.5 to 2 meters. The recorded age for this species is about 50 years and it normally weighs up to 25 kg.
  • Diamond sturgeon– The Diamond sturgeon is one of the most popular sturgeon species and can grow up to 2.3 meter in length. This fish has a beautiful grey and white pattern over its skin.
  • Beluga sturgeon– If you can easily afford high food bill then you should go for Beluga sturgeon. This fish is one of the largest growing sturgeon species.
  • Paddlefish-The Paddlefish is very rare and is required to be handled in a special and delicate way. It is good to keep this species in clear and filtered water for better survival rate
  • Shovelnose sturgeon– The Shovelnose sturgeon is small in length as it grows up to 1 meter and the maximum weight recorded for this species is only 4.5 kg.
  • Siberian sturgeon– The Siberian sturgeon is easier to breed and this is the reason it is one of the most common species put up for sale.

Siberian Sturgeon

  • Stellate sturgeon– You must install a net or some sort of barrier around the pond when you have Stellate sturgeon inside. This species is the most flexible one and can easily jump out of the pond.
  • Sterlet– The Sterlet grows slowly and its length reaches up to a maximum of 60cm.
  • White sturgeon– The White sturgeon is mostly found in Canada, West Coast of North America and Alaska.

Introduction to sturgeon: What are sturgeon fish?

Sturgeon is kind of fish which is liked by people all over the world especially UK. The name Sturgeon is a common name given to over 25 species of fish that belong to a family called as Acipenseridae. This fish has great commercial value and is found in large numbers along the coasts of Pacific as well as Atlantic oceans, the Mediterranean, rivers and inland seas.

Sturgeons are also called as “primitive fishes” because of their unchanged morphological characters since the last available fossil record. Here we are going to discuss about the fish’s biological characteristics, origin, morphology and its utilization.

Most common variety of sturgeon

  • The Sterlet is the most common variety of sturgeon because it is a small, freshwater species.
  • It grows slowly in a garden pond which makes it a wonderful addition to any pond due to its slow growth and small maximum size (compared to other sturgeon such as beluga, diamond, siberian, stellatus and bester.)
  • The scientific name of a sterlet sturgeon is Acipenser Ruthenus.

Sturgeon Morphology

  • The body of a sturgeon is spindle-shaped and elongated. The mouth of this lovely fish is positioned underside of the head and it has big fleshy lips. On certain occasions, you may find sturgeons as big as 12 feet in size and there are few species which grow up to 18 feet in size. Another rare thing about sturgeons is that they live quite long, some species can be seen living well up to 100 years and they attain sexual maturity at the age of 20 and sometime even more.

Sturgeon behavior and uses

  • These fishes normally relish on small fish, shells and crustaceans but when harvested commercially they are being given with special fish food such as sinking pellets and high protein fish food. Sturgeons have no teeth and hence, they swallow different items. One of the most unusual things about sturgeons is that they feed non- visually and use a special set of sensors.
  • These are used for flesh as well as caviar. In last few years, scientists have developed unique and revolutionary technique which is helping them to take out the caviar without killing the fish. This incredible technique is proving to be a brilliant breakthrough as it is helping this fish from extinction.

Sturgeon caviar

There is one more benefit offered by this technique. The surviving sturgeon produces finest quality of caviar each year. As the fish becomes more mature, high quality caviar can be collected. It is a win-win situation for everybody and moreover, when the fish is kept in pristine conditions the quality of the caviar keeps getting better.

Well, now that you are fully aware about this wonderful fish species, it is now time to take care of them and feed them with great and high protein fish food sinking pellets.